10 interesting facts about Bauyrzhan Momyshuly


Bauyrzhan Momyshuly was Kazakh-Soviet military officer and author. He was awarded the titles Hero of the Soviet Union and People’s Hero of Kazakhstan.

Momyshuly was born on December 24, 1910. (Died on June 10, 1982).

This week we celebrated his birthday and have prepared 10 interesting facts about Kazakh hero of WWII.

  1. Bauyrzhan Momyshuly was born in the middle of the winter and his life was full of severe challenges too. This fact influenced to his character. Bauyrzhan was calm at his usual life, but at the War he was hardboiled.
  2. Bauyrzhan Momyshuly was very nimble at is childhood and that’s why he was called “Shan times” (dust will not touch)
  3. Bauyrzhan Momyshuly started his career as a teacher. He taught at the elementary school in 1928-1930.
  4. Bauyrzhan Momyshuly was good at everything he worked with. He was financially and military educated. He used to work as an economist at Shymkent manufacturing bank before the War.
  5. Bauyrzhan Momyshuly joined General-Mayor Panfilov’s division in September 1941. He participated in 207 fights near Moscow.
  6. In January 16 1945 Kazakh writer Mukhtar Auezov and Academic Kanysh Satbayev invited Bauyrzhan Momyshuly to deliver a lecture on the War. Later the lecture lied on the book The Psychology of War.
  7. During the WWII only 2 Kazakhs served as the Head of division in Soviet Army: Bauyrzhan Momyshuly and Abilkayur Baymoldin.
  8. Volokolamsk highway, the novel by Aleksandr Bek described fights near Moscow in 1941. The novel was one of the famous one read by Cuba leaders Fidel Castro and Che Guevara. In 1962 Fidel Castro invited Bauyrzhan Momyshuly to visit Cuba. Actually visited Cuba twice: in 1962 and 1963.
  9. Bauyrzhan Momyshuly was bilingual. He wrote his novels both in Kazakh and Russian. His book: The Moscow behind us, Our Family, The officer’s diary, Meetings in Cuba, The Psychology of War and more.
  10. The “Momyshuly spiral” is the tactic used by Bauyrzhan Momyshuly in fights near Moscow and described by Bek in his book Volokolamsk highway. Thanks to this tactic the 316th Alma-Ata rifle division, sent to certain death, was able to slow down the way of the fascists to Moscow. Colonel-General Erich Hepner, who commanded the 4th Panzer Group, first met with such defensive tactics. In his reports to Hitler, he wrote: “This wild division is fighting in violation of all the rules of engagement. And her soldiers do not surrender, they are extremely fanatical and do not fear death. “ This tactical technique was developed by General Ivan Panfilov. But in practice, it was masterfully carried out by Bauyrzhan Momyshuly. The essence of this military strategy is to strike at a moving enemy column, and after a short battle to retreat. Along the way, ambushes were organized in which the enemy was lured, and after the enemy’s military units were being pulled out, the Momyshuly detachment again returned to strike at the main forces of the enemy.

Sources: madeniportal.kz, express-k.kz