This year Kazakhstan celebrates 25 years of independence. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Kazakhstan adopted the constitutional law on the independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan on December 16, 1991. It was a key date in the history of independent Kazakhstan. Since that day Kazakhstan achieved a lot, and we would like to walk you through its main achievements.
1.1992: Kazakhstan’s admission to the United Nations. Three months after gaining its independence Kazakhstan became a member of the UN on March 2, 1992. The UN System (specialized agencies, programs and funds) started its work in Kazakhstan shortly after the country’s accession. It was a very important step on the way to gaining recognition in the international community as a sovereign country.
2. 1993: 1st constitution of Kazakhstan. The first Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan was adopted on 28 January 1993; it consisted of 4 sections, 21 chapters. Kazakhstan confirmed its commitment to international norms and to creating a democratic and legal state. Constitution proclaimed interethnic consent within the country with the rule of the Kazakh nation, provide equal rights and freedoms of all citizens.
3. 2009: Nazarbayev announces country’s readiness to build a nuclear fuel bank. In 2009 Kazakhstan President Nazarbayev made a proposal to establish world’s first LEU bank in Kazakhstan. Many countries, including the U.S, welcomed the initiative. The IAEA Board of Governors approved the plan to set up the fuel bank in December 2010. The LEU Bank will start its operations in 2017.
4. 2012: establishment of the ATOM project. Throughout its history Kazakhstan has spearheaded numerous nuclear non-proliferation initiatives. Under President Nazarbayev, Kazakhstan relinquished all Soviet-era nuclear weapons, destroyed the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site and joined the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty as a non-nuclear-weapon state. It also spearheaded the creation of a nuclear-weapons-free zone in Central Asia in 2009. Finally, in 2012 Kazakhstan launched a large-scale ATOM project that aims to build international support for the abolishment of nuclear testing.
5. 2015: Kazakhstan’s accession to the WTO. After 20-year long negotiations Kazakhstan became the 162nd WTO member on 30 November 2015. According to experts, Kazakhstan’s accession to the global trading system and adaptation of its rules and regulations to those necessitated by the WTO package will accelerate the growth of the $231.9 billion economy by attracting foreign investors.
6. 2016: Kazakhstan’s election as a non-permanent member of the UNSC. Last but not least, in 2016 Kazakhstan became the first Central Asian country to be elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council. It’s a huge milestone for Kazakhstan and a true testament of Kazakhstan’s growing role in the international community.
These are just some of the most important events that happened in Kazakhstan since it gained its independence. They allow to build an understanding of Kazakhstan’s history.